Technical Regulations In The Area Of Vehicle Homologation - 1958 Agreement And Former Yugoslavia
Vehicles which are sold and put into service in a country have to meet the regulations and standards of that country. The registration procedure of that country requires the approval of the vehicle and/or its components. The existence of separate national regulations and approval procedures in different countries requires expensive design modifications, additional tests and duplicating approvals. Thus, there is the need to harmonise the different national technical requirements for vehicles and to elaborate a unique international regulation. Once the vehicle or its equipment and parts are manufactured and approved according to that regulation, they can be internationally traded without further tests or approvals. Furthermore, these regulations have to be continuously adapted to the technical progress and to the new requirements regarding safety and environmental protection. With the purpose of overcoming international trade barriers and promoting global trade of vehicles and their components, efforts are being made to harmonise vehicle regulations worldwide. This paper deals with technical regulations in the area of vehicle type approval, and conditions for importing vehicles. The territory analysed comprises the region of Southeast Europe, that is all former Yugoslav republics. The paper is based on two key, parallel systems which define the conditions and criteria for importing vehicles on the territory of the above-mentioned countries, namely on: regulations of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, and European Union regulations. Both groups of regulations which are rather compatible, have been thoroughly analysed with a special emphasis on their application on the territory of Southeast Europe, through the analysis of regulations of all countries and territories individually.
Index Termsó Importing Vehicles, Southeast Europe, UN Regulations, Vehicle Type Approval