Synchronization of Building Automation and Advance Information Systems as an Acceleration Tool in Moving Smart Grid Forward
A smart grid employs innovative hardware and software solutions, integrated with intelligent monitoring, control, timely communication and self-healing technologies. Two-way communication is vital in managing energy efficiency, reliability, supply security and sustainability of overall electric power grid infrastructure. This paper discusses the standards and interoperability that hampers utility and consumer to adaptation to the transformation of conventional power grid networks into multi objective intelligent grid. In order to achieve an efficient electrical delivery system and reliable benefit for both utilities and consumers; the combination of advanced Information Technology (IT) systems and automation devices is analyzed. The relevance of smart grid applications and sensor networks to support demand response management and utility communication is presented through the overview in current development electric grid infrastructure. Existing control technology components, sub-systems, and advanced metering infrastructure tools or devices will be evaluated with consideration to the importance of power system energy management system (EMS). The optimization and control functions developed upon reviewing supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system and traditional data handling tools is presented in this paper; whereby, various costs, constraints, machine to machine (M2M) or big data support system are accessed. The outcome of the conceptual solution and changing philosophy on data management through digital networks in influencing balance in demand-side load is learnt with concerns to the transformation of smart grid system and need for energy consumer to obtain information on power availability as well as pricing options.
Index Terms—Information technology (IT), Smart Grid Systems, Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA), Machine to machine (M2M).