Characterisation and Management of Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries: A Case Study on Princes Islands, Sea of Marmara
According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, small-scale fisheries and its sustainable development is a significant issue on nutrition, food security, sustainable livelihoods and poverty alleviation, especially in developing countries. Despite these important contributions, the problems that affect the sustainable development of small-scale fisheries could not be well understood. Small-scale fisheries which is a profession, livelihood and lifestyle for millions of people is needed a designed management to ensure its continuity in a healthy ecosystem regarding to sustainability. Due to this characteristic of small-scale fisheries performing locally, have a great importance in order to make the regional management models. The Princes Islands include four large (Büyükada, Heybeliada, Burgazada and Kınalıada) and five small (Sedef Adası, Yassıada, Sivriada, Kaşık Adası and Tavsan Adası) islands located in the northern part of the Sea of Marmara. Among them, Büyükada, Heybeliada, Kınalıada and Burgazada have settled population live in. This study aimed to summarize the main issues of small-scale fisheries in Princes Islands in terms of sustainability.
Keywords: Small-scale fisheries (SSF), sustainable fisheries, Princes Islands, Sea of Marmara, artificial reefs.