Some Fruit Characteristics of Wild Pomegranate (Punicagranatum L.) Genotypes From Southern Anatolia Region in Turkey
In this study, the fruits of ten wild grown pomegranate genotypes were sampled from Mardin province and compared to standard cultivar ‘Hicaznar’ for some fruit characteristics including fruit mass, shape index, calyx length, peel thickness, aril yield, juice yield, soluble solid content, titratable acidity, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity and total anthocyanin content. We found a wide variation for most of the searched characteristics both in wild genotypes and between wild genotypes and cv. ‘Hicaznar’. The average fruit mass ranged from 138-204 g among wild genotypes and cv. ‘Hicaznar’ had 407 g fruit mass. The results showed that in general wild genotypes had lower aril and juice yields than cv. ‘Hicaznar’ but they have higher total phenolic content and antioxidant activity than cv. ‘Hicaznar’.
Keywords- Pomegranate, Biological activity, Fruit properties, Wild material