Globalization and Local Partnerships in Japan from a Viewpoint of Global Governance
"Another world is possible" is a key phrase of WSF (World Social Forum). WSF developed as a response of the growing international movement to neo-liberal globalization and the effects of neo-liberal economic policies being pursued in most countries. The other of an important term in this paper is ‘global governance’ which is the sum of the many ways individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs. It is a continuing process through which conflicting or diverse interests may be accommodated and co-operative action may be taken. There is no single model or form of global governance, nor is there a single structure or set of structures. It is a broad, dynamic, complex process of interactive decision-making that is constantly evolving and responding to changing circumstances. It must build partnerships – networks of institutions and processes – that enable global actors to pool information, knowledge, and capacities and to develop joint policies and practices on issues of common concern (Commission on Global Governance). Actors are not only global but also national or local such as governments, MNCs, SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprise), CSOs (civil society organizations). CSOs are generally NGOs/NPOs, but include trade unions, faith-based organizations, foundations, agricultural cooperatives and many others. This paper is focus on partnership and development in the case of the OVOP (one village, one product) movement as contemporary issues in management and international business from these points of view. We should recognize the significance of partnerships between SMEs, CSOs and governments.
Keywords- Networks of Institutions and Processes, International Business of SMEs, CSOs, Government, OVOP