The Feasibility Of Human Resource Development In The Aged Society: Older Adultsí Service Leaning In The Community
Retirement is not the end but a new start. Taiwan will formally enter the ranks of "aged societies" in 2018. By then, 14% of the population will be at least 65 years of age. As expected, an aging population will lead to a decline in Taiwan's labor force. To cope with the challenges of the aged society, we should seek a new model for human resource development. Fortunately, there are more and more older adults participate in the learning activities in the active aging learning centers (AALCs) which were established in 2008, and these seniors apply learning outcome and contribute in the community. The silver force has been transformed into valuable human resources. The aims of this study were to explore the feasibility of older adult human resource development through the service learning process. We adopted a qualitative approach and conducted 7 focus-group interviews with a totality of 56 older participants. The main questions in the interviews were the motivations to join and the benefits gained in the human resource development process. The findings were concluded as follows. 1. The reasons that older adults serve in the community include the desires to help people, more inspiration for learning after serving, to obtain better learning effect through service. 2. The benefits of human resource development process were having fun in the service learning, feeling a sense of accomplishment and finding the meaning of life, gaining life experience from the others, learning the reflections and felling thankful, as well as finding out the value of oneself. Finally, these study outcomes were provided as a reference to older adults, the government, and relevant organization while designing older adult human resource development programs.
Keywords- Contribution to the community,Human resource development, Learning and growth,Older adults.