Paper Title
Creating Sense of Place to Increase Quality of Public Space by Physical Attributes, “Case Study of Naqsh-e-Jahan Square, Esfahan, Iran”

Abstract
Quality of spaces and built environments have been considered by architect and designers increasingly in the last decade. Designing has become a significant tool for the creation of a safe environment that meets human needs. Focussing on public space is inevitable in any study of community with as robust sense of place. They are ideal places to show artifcats and ingredients to help people in reminding their shared experiences and worth as a society with a strong sense of place. Nowadays, public places play less important role in terms of having design with a sense of place, but it is possible to find some traditional urban squares which has the crucial elements to create this sense for its visitors from past to present; such as Naqsh-e-Jahan square in Iran. This research tries to explore the physical attributes in the Naqsh-e-Jahan square, which are critical in increasing the quality of designing public spaces via survey with attention to sense of place in context. A qualitative research method was chosen to achieve the goal. Empirical data was collected via on-site measurement and in-depth structured interview with experts. The findings showed that how consideration of physical factors such as appropriate scale and proportion, enclosure, edge, visual variety, colour and texture could have an effect on increasing the sense of place. Keywords— Quality of space, Physical attributes, Sense of place, Naqsh-e-Jahan square.