Integration and Assimilation: Nueva Vizcaya during the American Period
Each province has a very unique history of its own. Nueva Vizcaya has generally been overlooked in the various regional histories of the Philippines. By studying the province of Nueva Vizcaya, special insights can be gained into how Philippine frontier regions were settled, and into the role played by ethnic minorities in that process. This study focused on the political history of Nueva Vizcaya during the American period, from 1902 to 1916. Given that there are only a limited number of literatures in the province of Nueva Vizcaya during the American colonial period, this paper attempts to identify the developments that took place within the province by utilizing archival researchand document analysis. The primary sources used in the study were the Annual reports of the United States-Philippine Commission from 1901 to 1920 and the Censuses of the Philippines commissioned by Bureau of Census taken under the direction of the Philippine Commission in 1903. The assimilation and integration of Nueva Vizcaya during the American period occurred at a slower pace than in any other regions in the Philippines because of its geographical location and the hostility of the inhabitants against change brought by the colonizers. Indigenous people living in the province did not readily accept the concept of a national identity and economy. Realizing the need to unify people, the Americans implemented programs of integration and assimilation. However, not all of the inhabitants of the province embraced the programs. It took a long time for the people in the province to start seeing themselves as part of the national identity.
Keywords - Assimilation, Integration, American Period, National Identity, Local History