Analysing the Performance of Sustainable Development Indicators Among the South Asian Countries : Challenges and Policy Implications
This article analyses the performance of sustainable development indicators among the South Asian countries. A number of indicators are used todetermine the level of sustainable development of the South Asian countries based on the secondary data.Trend analysis, annual growth performance and comparative analysis were employed by this study to investigate the progress of different indicators among the countries. The study reveals that most of the countries in south Asia are categorised as medium human development countryas indicated by United Nations Development Programs (UNDP). Morevoer, half of the world poor population lives in this region where national poverty rate of Afghanistan, Bangladesh,India, Pakistan and Nepal has found to 55%, 24.3%, 22%, 24% and 25% respectively. This study also displays that most of the countries have spent less that 4% of their total expenditure on education and health hence indicators related to this dimensions are still at undesirable level. Most of the countries are still far reaching from the environmental sustainability indicators inb terms of air quality, pollution and livebilaty index. Thus, the region as a whole islagged behind from sustainable development considering the performance of environmental, health, educational and socio-economic indicators. Thereforethe South Asian countries needs to promote effective policy and strategy for accelerating the performance of sustainable development.
Keywords - Sustainable Development,Sustainable Development Indicators, Performance, Comparative Analysis, South Asia, Policyimplication