Linguistic Ethnography in “World Englishes”: B. Kachru’s Model Applied to Guam’s Colloquial Chamoru English and Guam Standard English
Guam Colloquial Chamoru English (GCCE) and Guam Standard English (GSE) are two dominant varieties of English heard spoken on the Micronesian island of Guam, an unincorporated island- territory of the United States. Many speakers, especially the older generation fluent in the island’s indigenous language Chamoru, are often GCCE dominant but nevertheless style shift between both variants of English, depending on the social situation. This paper describes some phonological, lexical, and morphological differences between GCCE and GSE, then explains some general contexts of their use by referring to linguistic anthropologist Dell Hymes’ Ethnography of SPEAKING model. This study is a partial response to the need for cultural descriptions and analyses of English language use in Micronesia, and an attempt to account for English language use data using the Ethnographic model, as suggested by Dr. Y. Kachru in a read speech at the 2006 IAWE Conference in Tokyo.
Keywords - World Englishes, linguistics, sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology