Needs Analysis For Design And Strategy Of Infrastructure Investment In Indonesia
Based on the survey of World Economic Forum 2013-2014 lack of infrastructure improvements placed Indonesia in rank 82 out of 148 countries surveyed by the World Economic Forum 2013-2014. The Indonesian infrastructure rank increased compared to the period of 2012-2013, which put Indonesia in rank 92. Infrastructure financing from the state budget kept increasing from Rp 26.1 trillion (0.94% of GDP) in 2005 to 174.9 trillion (2:05% of GDP) in year 2012. Due to the limited funds spent by the government, a number of infrastructure projects to be carried out should be reviewed according to the degree of urgency in sustaining economic growth in the business sector. The objectives of this study are: (a) to formulate a comprehensive and strategic analysis of investment in infrastructure, particularly in the period of 2015-2019 and (b) to identify and determine the priorities for infrastructure projects that have an impact on economic growth and regional development. Data were analyzed using a SWOT analysis and Exponential Comparative Method (ECM) and The House Models. The study states that there are eight (8) priority sectors developing infrastructure which are divided into five years from 2015 to 2019, and there are three scenarios required for infrastructure investment, namely optimistic, moderate and pessimistic. These can become a contribution and input to the government to classify infrastructure projects that have an impact on economic growth, both sectoral and regional. Thus, the budget allocation of infrastructure investment in transportation, roads, water, irrigation, electricity, energy and telecommunications from 2015 to 2019 is 2,510.97 trillion rupiah, rising 6.88% from the previous year realization of the infrastructure that was 2,338.248 trillion. Based on ECM mapping obtained for 5 years, the priorities of infrastructure sector to be implemented are Seaports, Airports and Railways.
Keywords - Infrastructure, SWOT, ECM, The House Model.