Energy and Renewable Energy Use Related Awareness: A Case of Xiamen City, China
The main objective of this study was to investigate energy use and energy conservation behaviors, and renewable energy awareness among various communities of Xiamen city of China. Xiamen is a coastal city and one of the key economic hubs as well. Plenty of studies have already been conducted in the city related to multiple effects and different dimensions of research. One out of such dimensions we tried to explore through this research. We have used a questionnaire survey and visited the field in order to collect the data. A total of 1150 respondents were contacted and asked for information in order to fulfil the requirement of our analyses. Out of 1150, only 1092 questionnaires were found valid to analyze. The study area consisted of six districts and 46 communities in a city (Xiamen). Analysis of the data was performed through econometric and statistical tools such as descriptive statistics, t-tests, and regression analysis, etc. Resultantly, the household carbon footprints ranged from 0.37 to 22.45 tCO2 per year; the per capita carbon footprints ranged from 0.19 to 11.23 tCO2(tons of carbon dioxide) per year. Overall out of 46 surveyed communities, the average household and per capita carbon footprints were 4.11 t/annum and 1.4 t/annum, respectively. It was interesting to find that major contribution of energy mix was coming from electricity as compared to other energy supply sources. Currently, renewable energy is not in use within these communities of Xiamen city. However, household size and energy use revealed some differences statistically. Most of the households and communities are using non- to less-efficient devices that also contribute to extra energy consumption in the city. Island side is more abundant in energy use, awareness, and income-wise rather than other districts. Therefore, there is a lot of potential for inclusion of renewable energy in the city. People can be enriched through proper dissemination of information and through joining hands with local government. Provision of efficient energy devices would also be a handy applicable policy.
Keywords - Energy use, Socio-economic status, renewable energy, Econometric analysis, PR China