Prediction of Anxiety Disorders of Children on the Basis of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Parenting Styles
This study was done to predict the anxiety disorders of children on the basis of early maladaptive schemas and parenting styles. It was a correlational study and population consisted of all girls and boys students in fourth to sixth grades of primary school in Tehran city (Iran), region 1 in academic year 2016-2017 who diagnosed to have anxiety disorders based on the Screen for Child Anxiety related Emotional Disorders (SCARED). Using random clustered sampling method and screening, 400 students were selected. The Schema Inventory for Children (SIC) was completed by the students and Bumrind Parenting Styles Questionnaire was completed by one of their parents. To analysis of data, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used. Results showed that early maladaptive schemas, except self-sacrifice, have significant positive correlations with total score of children anxiety disorders in levels of p< 0.05 and p< 0.01. Also, total score of children anxiety disorders have significant positive correlation with the authoritarian parenting style (p<0.01) and negative correlation with authoritative parenting style (p<0.05).The predictive role of early maladaptive schemas and parenting styles on anxiety disorders suggests that, this variable explain 12 percent of variance and therefore, early maladaptive schemas and parenting styles were significant predictors (p<0.01).
Index Terms - Anxiety Disorders, Parenting Styles, Early Maladaptive Schemas.