Actual Situation of Environmental Injustice by Comparative Analysis of Socioeconomic Characteristics among Local Governments based on Chemical Substance Emission – A Case in Korea
Studies on domestic environmental justice are mainly focused on the domestic application and legalization of environmental justice, and the nationwide analysis using practical indicators has hardly been carried out. On the other hand, foreign studies on environmental justice have been focused on specific indicators such as the distribution of air pollutants and the location of environmentally hateful facilities using national data. Therefore, this study compared the socioeconomic characteristics of the local governments’ chemical substance emissions to understand the actual condition of domestic environmental injustice. To do so, the chemical substance emissions in each city, county and district nationwide were divided according to rank, and the socioeconomic characteristics of local governments, which were classified by rank, were compared. According to the analysis, 70% of total chemical substance emissions were found in 23 local governments, and 90% were observed in 49 local governments. In addition, there was a significant difference in the numbers of the socioeconomically disadvantaged exposed to chemical substances between 189 local governments (excluding groups involving 70%, 80% and 90% of accumulated chemical substance emissions, 229 local governments, and 49 local governments that emit 90% of chemical substances out of 229 local governments) and 60 local governments that do not emit chemical substances at all.
Keywords - Environmental justice, Environmental Injustice, Chemical substance emissions, Chemical facility, Socio-economic characteristics.