A Review of Potentials of Lifecycle Factors In Modelling Residential Location Choice and Ensuring Social Sustainability
Rapid urbanization had occurred mostly in developing countries globally. This has caused urban sprawl and transform rural agricultural land into new urban, which is dominated by housing areas to serve the growing population in most metropolitan cities. As the housing prices increase in cities, people tends to choose residential location outside of the city center, which is in suburban or periphery where residential cost are lower. As the residential is the start and ending point of the daily movement and journey, residential location influence the social, economic and environmental factors in sustainable development. Social sustainability is one of the essential dimension in sustainable development. It can be defined as the ability to accommodate and provide an environment that is conducive, compatible and act as a viable space for human interaction, communication and cultural development for current and future generations to come. In modelling Residential Location Choice (RLC), the decision of residential location will affect the mobility patterns and the costs involved. Many researchers focused on the decision of residential location by considering the determinants of RLC but minor attention has been given to the potentials of lifecycle factors in RLC and ensuring sustainable development, particularly in social sustainability. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the influence of lifecycle factors on the determinants of RLC. Then, this paper aims to address the gap by investigate the potentials for ensuring social sustainability by the inclusion of lifecycle factors in modelling RLC. From the result, we can conclude that there are significant connection and potentials of the inclusion of modelling RLC in achieving social sustainability. Furthermore, ensuring social sustainability can be enhanced by paying extra attention to the determinants of RLC that influenced by the lifecycle factors.This review will enable a deeper understanding on how lifecycle factors are essentials and highly need to take into consideration in modelling RLC in order for planners and practitioners to make better plan for human settlement in cities and its inhabitants.
Keywords - Residential location choice, social sustainability, lifecycle, urban sprawl, suburban, periphery, residential, sustainable development.